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MODERN MACHINERY - Class 8 First Language English Textbook Solutions

Rudyard Kipling

A.) Answer the following questions in a sentence or two each:

1.) In the poem “We” refers to_______________
Answer: In the poem “We” refers to the Machines.
2.) How are the machines made?
Answer: Machines are made from the ore extracted from mines. The ore goes through the process like melting, moulding and hammering. And it cut, filed and tooled and gauged to fit.
3.) What do the machines ask for their survival?
Answer: The machines ask water, coal and oil for their survival.
4.) How long will the machines serve us?
Answer: Machines serve us for four and twenty (twenty-four) hours a day.
5.) Pick out the action words performed by the machines eg: pull, haul…..
Answer: The action words are push, lift, drive, print, plough, weave, heat, light, run, jump, swim, dive, fly, see, hear, count, read and write.
6.) What is the “Law” the machines have to abide by?
Answer: The “Law” of the machine is that they are not built to comprehend a lie.
7.) What can the human beings do that machines cannot?
Answer: The human beings love, have pity and forgive but the machine cannot do that.
B.) Answer the following questions in 4-5 sentences each:
1.) “The machines are merciless” – which lines suggest this?
Answer: Following lines suggest that the machines are merciless.
“But remember, please, the Law by which we live,
We are not built to comprehend a lie,
We can neither love nor pity nor forgive.
Make a slip in handling us you die!”
2.) “We are nothing more than children of your brain.” Why?
Answer: The poet says that the machines are innovation of the human brain. Machines are made by humans to do specific job which reduce the efforts of humans and saves time and energy and due to power, weight and size it can be said that the machines are the children of human brain.
3.) In this poem, the poet attributes one human quality to machines. What is it? Substantiate your answer.
Answer: In the poem, the poet attribute ability to speak to machine because the poem is being told by machine. In the poem the machines are telling about their existence and functions and handling instructions.
V.) Reading Activity :
Comprehend the story given below and answer the questions that follow:
Building your house:

1.) Why did the carpenter want to retire?
Answer: The carpenter wants to retire because he wanted to live a more leisurely life with his wife and enjoy his extended family.
2.) What would he miss after his retirement?
Answer: He would miss the pay cheque after retirement.
3.) What did the contractor ask the carpenter as a personal favour?
Answer: The contractor asked carpenter to build just one more house as a personal favour.
4.) How did the carpenter build the house?
Answer: The carpenter builds the house with shoddy workmanship and used inferior materials.
5.) If the carpenter had known it was his house, how would he have built it?
Answer: If the carpenter had known it was his house then he would have built it very differently.
6.) What is the lesson you learn from this small story?
Answer: The lesson we learn from this small story is the whatever work is assigned to us should be done with same dedication and passion like it is own work.
Dear Student, I appreciate your efforts and hard work that you all had put in. Thank you for being concerned with us and I wish you for your continued success.

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