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SOCIAL & RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS - Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions



1.19th century is called the period of _________

('Indian Renaissance' )

2.Ram Mohan Roy started newspaper called _________
( 'Samvada Kaumudi' )

3.The founder of Prathana Samaj was ____________
(Athmaram Panduraga)

4. ___________ propogated that freedom was the basic necessity of every individual.
 (Jyotiba Phule)

5.Swami Vivekananda's Guru was ______
(Ramakrishna Paramahamsa)


1)What were the preachings of Brahmo Samaj? OR What were the preachings of Ram Mohan Roy?
1. Questioned the idol worship.
2. Opposed polytheism.
3. Opposed the exploitation of women.
4. Opposed the practice of sati.
5. Opposed child marriage.
6. Opposed the priestly class.
7. Tried to develop rationality through journalism.
8. Advocated modern science &English education.

2)Analyze the call of Dayananda Saraswathi to return to the Vedas.
Dayananda Saraswati said that the Vedas are the source of truth and source of knowledge. For this reason, he made the announcement of 'Return to the Vedas'.

3)Explain the reforms propagated by Satyashodhak Samaj. OR What are the principles of Jyotiba Pule?
1. It said, independenceis necessity of every individual.
2. Urged for prohibition of liquor.
3.Opposed gender inequality.
4. Opposed denial of Human Rights.
5. Opposed human exploitation.
6. Opposed the practice of untouchability.
7. Advocated free & compulsory education.
8. Started a movement for social justice.
9. Established a primary school for girls.

4) Analyze the objectives of Aligarh Movement.
1. Promoting harmony of Eastern & Western ideas.
2. Providing modern education to Muslims.
3. Started The Anglo-Oriental College.
4. Providing religious education along with western education.
5. Create a modern society through western education.
6. Supported female literacy.
7. Condemnation of polygamy.

5)Explain the vision of Ramakrishna Mission.
1. Spread the message of Equality of All Religion.
2. Importance of prayer, yoga practice.
3. High importance on Social service.
4. Propagate the ideas of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
5. Belief in idol worship.
6. Fusion of ancient, modern &western philosophy.
7. Tolerance of all religions.
8. Belief of Nation & religion are two faces of a coin.

6)Swami Vivekananda was a great inspiration to the youth. Explain.

1. He propagated the ideals of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
2. For this he established ‘Ramakrishna Mission’.
3. He preached the importance of loving life.
4. He gave importance to social service.
5. His thoughts influenced leaders like Gandhiji.
6. He spoke at the Chicago World Religions Conference.
7. He advocated tolerance of all religions.
8. He introduced Indian culture to the world.

7) Which are the reforms brought by Annie Besant?

1. She gave a new life to Theosophical Society’s activities in India.
2. She aroused pride in Indians, through lectures.
3. Preached equality and universal brotherhood.
4. Fully supported the freedom movement.
5. Started a newspaper called, 'New India'
6. Started the Home Rule Movement.
7. Contributed immensely ti Indian philosophy.
8. Became president of Congress session in 1917.


1) What ideas did western thought teach Indians?

Democracy, freedom, equality, nationalism.

2) Name the important social and religious reformers of India.
 Ram Mohan Roy, Dayananda Saraswati, Mahadeva Govinda Ranade, Jyotiba Phule, Swami Vivekananda, Annie Besant, Syed Ahmed Khan, Narayanguru& others.

3) Prominent among the founders of Brahma Samaj was ______
(Ram Mohan Roy)

4) Who is called as 'The father of Indian renaissance'?

(Ram Mohan Roy)

5) Who argued that modern science and English education were essential for an Indian revival?

(Ram Mohan Roy)

6) The Prohibition of Sati system was introduced by _
(William Bentick)

7) Social reformer, who supported the prohibition of Sati system ___________
(Ram Mohan Roy)

8) A social reformer, who tried to develop rationality in people through journalism was _________
(Ram Mohan Roy)

9) _________ was in the forefront of the social and religious reformation in the19th century.
(Brahmo Samaj)

10)An organization, which enabled the development of nationalism among Indians through English education was _________
(Brahmo Samaj)

11) Founder of Arya Samaj was _________
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

12) "Vedas are the source of truth and knowledge"Said ________
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

13) The declaration, "Back to the Vedas"was made by ____
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

14) "Caste should be decided based on the ability and not on the birth of the person"Said _________
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

15) Social reformer, who called for the use of Swadeshi Goods _______
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

16) 'Satyartha Prakasha' was writtenby _________
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

17) ‘Purification Movement’ was the main activity of __________
(Arya Samaj)

18) ‘Purification Movement’ was started by _________
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

19) Who proclaimed that, ‘India should be for Indians’?
(Swami Dayananda Saraswati)

20) What is ‘Purification Movement’?
Purification Movement was a ceremony, to bring back to the Hindu religion all those who had got converted to other religions.

21) Why did Swamy Dayananda Saraswathi start the ‘Purification Movement’?
In those days, one could leave Hinduism. But there was no opportunity to re-enter it. Hence Swamy Dayananda Saraswathi started the ‘Purification Movement’.

22) On which principle, did Prarthana Samaj found?
It was found on the principle of 'The service to mankind is service to God'

23) The Prarthana Samaj was started by _________
(Atmaram Panduraga)

24) In which place, the Prarthana Samajwas started?

25) Prarthana Samajgave its priority to __________
(spread of Education)

26) Through which institution did the Prarthana Samajstrive for the deveopment of educational field?
(Through Deccan Education Society)

27) Who was the founder of Satyashodhak Samaj?
(Jyotiba Phule)

28) Who condemned the slavery being forced on shudrasand dalits & denounced the people responsible for such slavery?
(Satyashodhak Samaj)

29) Jyotiba Phule's book on exploitation is _______


30) Who was deeply influenced by ‘Sathyashodhak Samaj’?

(Shahu Maharaj)

31) A social reform organization, which advocated free and compulsory education for the betterment of society ______
(Satyashodhak Samaj)

32) The organization, which began struggles on behalf of the farmers was ______
(Satyashodhak Samaj)

33) Jyotiba Phule's wife was _______
(Savitribai Phule)

34) Dr. BR Ambedkar was influenced by whose principles?
By the principles ofJyotiba Phule.

35) What was the aimof Aligarh Movement?

The aim of the Aligarh movement was to promoting harmony of Eastern & Western ideas through transformation of the Muslims in their political, social, educational, religious & philosophical beliefs.

36) The leadership of the Aligarh Movement was borne by ______
(Sir Syed Ahmed Khan)

37) Who started the Anglo-Oriental College?
(Sir Syed Ahmed Khan)

38) What was the intension of starting the Anglo-Oriental College by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan?
To provide modern education to the Muslim community.

39) The Anglo-Oriental college, later, renamed as _____
(Aligarh Muslim University)

40) To provide religious education along with western education &to create a modern society through western education was the main objectives of

(Aligarh Muslim University)

41) Who was the priest at the Dakshineshwar Kali temple?
(Ramakrishna Paramahamsa)

42) Who believed that spiritual realization is more important than any Religion or God? 
(Ramakrishna Paramahamsa)

43) Why did Ramakrishna Mission established by Swami Vivekananda?

Ramakrishna Mission to propagate the ideals of his guru, RamakrishnaParamahamsa.

44) What combination of ideas can be found in theRamakrishna Mission?

The mingling of ancient, modern and western thinkers can be seen inthe Ramakrishna Mission.

45) Who told, that thesocial service is also important for achievement for salvation apart from prayer & yoga?

(Swami Vivekananda)

46) Ramakrishna Mission continuing to nurture the culture through _________ & _________ (through education and social service)

47) In which year was the Chicago Conference of World Religionsheld?
(In 1893)

48) What did Swami Vivekananda proclaim the greatness of India to the world at the Chicago Conference of World Religions?

Swami Vivekananda preached India's greatness to the world by advocating tolerance of all religions &toldthat all religions were true.

49) Who was the original founder of Theosophical Society?

Theosophical Societywas founded by Madam Blavatsky and Colonel H.S.Olcott.

50)Who founded and revitalized the Theosophical Society in India?

(Annie Besant)

51) Which newspaper was started by Annie Besant?
('New India')

52) Annie Besant propagated the Home-Rule movement through two newspapers _________ & ____________

('New India' & 'Commonweal')

53) In which year did Annie Besant start the Home-Rule Movement?
(in 1916)

54) In which year, Annie Besant became the president of the Congress session?
(in 1917)

55) What was another name for Theosophical Society?
(Brahma Vidya Samaj)


1) Why is the 19th century called the period of 'Indian Renaissance' in Indian history?

1. During this period, Indians came in contact with western civilization.
2. Due to this, Indians got English education.
3. It developed a spirit of rationalism among Indians.
4. It stimulated Indians to question the superstitions.

2) What are the principles of Arya Samaj? OR Explain the preachings of Dayananda Saraswati.
1. Vedas are the source of truth and knowledge.
2. Advised people to“Back to the Vedas"
3. Condemned of idol worship &caste systems.
4. Encouraged widow marriage.
5. Call for use of Swadeshi Goods.
6. Started ‘Purification Movement’.
7. Rejection of meaningless practices.
8. Proclaration of "India should be for Indians".

3) Write a note: ‘Purification Movement’

1. It was started by Swami Dayananda Saraswati.
2. One could leave Hinduism, but there was no opportunity to re-enter it.
3. Thus Purification Movement started to bring the converts back to Hinduism.
4. Those who came back, underwent the purification ritual. In this way he strengthened the Hinduism.

4) What are the principles of Prarthana Samaj?

1. It was established in Mumbai by Atmaram Pandura.
2. Believed in 'Service to mankind is service to God'.
3. Gave priority to spread of education.
4. Established the Deccan Education Society.
5. Encouraged Widow Marriage, female education, inter-caste marriage.
6. Opposed child marriage, caste system and purdah system.
7. Told about to respect all religions. 8. Established national schools etc.

5) Who popularized the Prarthana Samaj?
(M.G. Ranade)

6) List the achievements of MG Ranade.
1. He popularized the Prarthana Samaj.
2. He was an advocate of Hindu Muslim unity.
3. He is active in the National Congress Party.
4. He started a high school for girls.

7) What were the original principles of the establishment of Theosophical Society?OR On which principles, did Theosophical Society found?

1. Establishment of universal brotherhood
2. Comparative study of ideology
3. Exploration of natural principles & the latent energy of the individual.

8) Write a note on: Home Rule Movement

1. Originally this movement started in Ireland.
2. They started this movement to free themselves from England.
3. Impressed by this, Annie Besant started this in India also.
4. In 1916, two Home-Rule leagues were started in India.
5. A league was started under the leadership of Tilakin Poona.
6. Another league was started in Madrasby Annie Besant leadership.
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