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off To Outer Space Tomorrow Morning-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Written By Sunil Krishnashetty on Wednesday, 31 August 2016 | 21:14

Poem-8 off To Outer Space Tomorrow Morning

Multiple Choice Questions
Answer the following choosing the correct option
1. The calendar or clocks are not necessary in the space because
A.In each rotation of the space craft there will be a day and night. B. The calendar or clock do not work in the space
C. The calendar or clocks are not important in the space D. The calendar or clock are not allowed in the space

2. The astronaut thinks that is imprisoned in the capsule door of the space craft because
A. There are no calendars or clock. B. There are no friends or visitors.
C. There are no plants or animals . D. There is no telephone book.

3. The tea cups rotate around the astronaut like the planets around the Sun because
A.they lose center of gravity B. they lose weight
C. they behave so in space D.they are like planets to the astronauts

4. ”In solitary confinement as complete as any goal”. . the figure of speech employed here is
A.metaphor B.Simile C. personification D.alliteration

5.”With the tea cups circling round me like the planets round the sun”. . the figure of speech employed here is
A.metaphor B.Simile C. personification D.alliteration

6. The astronauts sleep when
A. they feel happy B.they feel moody C. they feel sleepy D.they feel dizzy

7. With what feelings is the astronaut flying out of the earth?
A.despair B.lack of confidence C. apprehension D.doubt about his return to the earth

8. The expression “winter under lock,”means, that in space,
A. there is no change of weather B.seasons change frequently
C.weather is chilly always D.weather is very hot always

9. The speaker in the poem‘off To Outer Space Tomorrow Morning’ says “But you needn’t think I’ll give a damn for you.”This is the same as
A.I don’t think I will have time to think about you. B. I don’t think I will have no time to think about you.
C.I don’t like to talk to you from space D. I can not use telephone to talk to you


Answer the following in two or three sentences (2 marks)
1. State reason for the poet say”calendars and clocks” are use lass in space.
Ans: Because the space craft rotates around the earth.In each rotation there will be a day and night. So the poet say”calendars and clocks” are useless in space.

2. Why does the poet in the poem ’off To Outer Space Tomorrow Morning’ feels that he is imprisoned.What might have been the reason for him to have such a feeling?
Ans: In space the astronaut will have no letters,no mail, no friends, or nobody to visit to share happy moments. He is just confined to a solitary confinement as in jail in the capsule door of the spacecraft.

3. The speaker in the poem ’off To Outer Space Tomorrow Morning’ says, ”Tea cups circling round me like the planets round the sun.” Why does it happen only in space and not on the earth?
Ans:On the earth,each object is bound to earth surface by the attraction of the earth called gravity.they rest or move keeping balance on the center of Gravity. But in space the objects loose weight and the gravitational power of the earth which then move freely around some object of more weight.So the Tea cups circling round me like the planets round the sun.

4. What does the astronaut deprive off in the space?
Ans: The astronaut is deprived of many things in space.There will be no calendars or clock.There will be no bond of friendship or relation. They are just confined to the capsule door of the space sealed.

Extracts (3 marks)
Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:
1”You can cross out my name from the telephone book”
A.Who is the speaker? Ans: The astronaut is the speaker.
B.Where is he going to? Ans:He is going into the space next morning.
C. Why does he want to cross out his name? Ans: There will be no communication by phone.

2.”There won’t be any calendar, there won’t be any clock;………..day light will be on the switch and winter under lock.”
A.Why are the calendars, useless in the outer space? Ans: The rotation of the space craft makes quick day and night.
B.’winter under lock’ what does it mean? Ans: The expression “winter under lock,”means, that there is no change of weather.
C. Which location refered to ‘there’? Ans : The space

3.”I’ll doze when I’m sleepy and wake without a knock”
A.Who will doze ? Ans: The astronaut will doze.
B.Where is he sleeping? Ans: He is sleeping in the space craft
C.Why does he do so ? Ans: Because in space there will be no days and nights as on the earth.

4.”In solitary confinement as complete as any goal”
A.Who would feel solitary ? Ans: The astronaut would feel solitary.
B. where does he feel solitary?Ans: In space the astronaut will have no letters,no mail, no friends, or nobody to visit to share happy moments.
C. Whydoes he say so? Ans : He is just confined to a solitary confinement as in jail in the capsule door of the spacecraft

5.”With the tea cups circling round me like the planets round the Sun,”
A. Where does this happen? Ans:This happens in space.
B.Who experienced it? Ans:The astronaut experienced this
C. Why is it so? Ans : Because there is no gravitational force in space.

6.”But you needn’t think I’ll give you a damn for you or what you are”
A.Who does ‘I’and you refered here? Ans: ‘I’ refers to the astronaut and ‘you’ refer to the astronaut’s friends or relatives.
B.What does the phrase ‘I’ll give you a damn for you ’ mean? This means that the astronaut requests his well wishers not to think that he  would have no time to think about you.
C. Why does he say so? Ans : Because there would be no telephone contacts.

7.”Then you and every soul on earth can go and blow your top”
A.Who is the speaker? Ans: The astronaut is the speaker
B.Where is the speaker going to? Ans: The speaker is going to space.
C. Why does he say every soul to blow their top? Ans : Because it takes twenty hundred light years to travel.

The Blind Boy-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Poem-7 The Blind Boy

Multiple Choice Questions
Answer the following choosing the correct option
1. The voice of the poem ’The Blind Boy’ is
A.the poet himself B.a blind boy C.story teller D.doctor

2. A thing not enjoyed by the blind boy is
A.gifts of sun B. gifts of nature C. gifts of sight D.day and night

3. The person addressed as ‘you’ in the poem ’The Blind Boy’ is
A. the poet B. social worker C.the eye specialist D.the people with sight

4. A thing that is not seen by the blind boy but felt by him is
A.the earth B.the sun C.the moon D.his body

5. The blind boy feels the sun by
A. touch B. day C.night D.warmth

6. The riddle to the blind boy is
A. the secret of day and night B. the secret of sight
C. the secret of nature D. the secret of the world

7. The blind boy can hear his hapless sorrow from
A. his sigh B. others  sigh C. joy of others D. sigh of the other blinds

8. The blind boy cheers his mind by a
A.nature B.birds song C.his song D.voice

9. The tone of the blind boy in the poem ‘The Blind Boy’ is
A. surprise B.curiosity C. sadness D.jealousy.

10. “Whilst thus I sing , I am a king” The figure of speech employed here is
A. simile B. personification C. alliteration D. metaphor

Answer the following in two or three sentences (2 marks)
1. Why does the blind boy feel poor?
Ans: The blind boy feels poor because he can not enjoy the light and the blessings of the sight.

2. How does the blind boy understand whether it is day or night?
Ans: The blind boy can not see the sun but he can feel the warmth.When the sun is bright he feels it is the day, or else it is the night.

3. How does a blind boy pacify himself? Quote the lines that suggest this.
Ans:When the blind boy hears the the sigh of sympathy from others ,he feels sorry for his unlucky state. But he pacifies himself that he can never get what he lost and satisfies with what he has .He sings that he is a king to himself.

4. Whois sympathising him? How can he bear his sorrow?
Ans: The people with sight are sympathizing him.But the blind boy never feels sorry for it . Because he can never get his sight back.

5. How does the blind boy cheer his mind?
Ans: The blind boy never feels sorry for what he can not regain.So he sings a song for him as the king.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:
1.”And could I ever keep awake with me ‘twere always day.”
A. Who is the ‘I’ here? Ans: The blind boy is the ‘I’ here.
B. What does he mean in the above sentence? Ans : He means that if he did not sleep, it would always be day for him
C. When it is night for him? Ans : Whenever he sleeps, it is night for him.

2. “I feel him warm, but how can he or make it day or night?”
A.Who is the ‘I’ here? Ans.: ‘I’ here refers to the blind boy.
B.Whose warmth does he feel? Ans.He feels the warmth of the sun.
C. Why does he wonder how he makes day or night? Ans. Because the blind boy cannot see the sun rising or setting.

3.”But sure with patience I can bear A loss I ne’er can know”
A.What is the loss referred here? Ans: The loss of sight by the blind boy is the loss referred here.
B.Who is the looser? Ans: The blind boy is the looser.
C.Why can not he regain that loss? Ans: Because he knows that he can not regain his sight.

4.”Then let me not what I cannot have my cheer of mind destroy”
A.Who is the speaker? Ans: The blind boy is the speaker here.
B.What is that he can not have? Ans:He can not have his sight back.
C.What is the cheer of his mind? Ans: Singing is his cheer of mind.

5.” O say what is that thing call’d light which I must ne’er enjoy.”
A.What is that the speaker can not enjoy? Ans: The speaker the blind boy can not enjoy light.
B.Why is he speaking so? Ans; Because he has lost eye sight .So he can not enjoy in the light of the sun.
C. Who is asked to say about light? Ans : The people with eye sight .

Ballad of the Tempest-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Poem-6 Ballad of the Tempest

Multiple Choice Questions
Answer the following choosing the correct option
1. The sailors were crowded in the
A. in the deck B. poop C.cabin D. quarter deck

2. The fearful thing in winter on the ocean is
A.the tempest B. rain C.whirling water D.whales

3. The sailors heard the rattling sound of
A. parts of the ship breaking B.the sound of the tempest
C.things in the ship D. The breaking sound of the mast

4. The figure of speech employed here is “The hungry sea was roaring”
A.simile B. metaphor C. Personification D.alliteration

5: The figure of speech employed here is “The breakers talked with death”
A.simile B. metaphor C. Personification D.alliteration

6. The sailors in darkness amidst the tempest could do nothing except
A.shouting B.praying C.fearing D.cheering

7.”We are lost!”Who said this?
A.The captain of the ship B. the crewmates C.the captain’s daughter D.the people drowning in the ocean

8.”Isn’t God upon the ocean just the same as on the land?”-Who said this?
A.The captain of the ship B. the crewmates C.the captain’s daughter D.the people drowning in the ocean

9. Who inspired the desperate captain in the poem Ballad of the Tempest’
A.The captain of the ship B. the crewmates C.the captain’s daughter D.the people drowning in the ocean

10.The captain’s crewmates kiss his daughter because
A.The captain’s daughter inspired the desperate captain. B.suggested them how to avoid the tempest
C.prayed for them D.waited till the tempest calmed down

11: The figure of speech employed here is “Not a soul would sleep”?
A. synecdoche B. metaphor C. Personification D.alliteration

12: The figure of speech employed here is “To hear the rattling trumpet thunder”
A. synecdoche B. metaphor C. Personification D.alliteration

13. ‘Not a soul would dare to sleep’ The figure of speech used here is
A. synecdoche B. metaphor C. Personification D.alliteration

Answer the following in two or three sentences (2 marks)
1. What according to the poet is the fearful thing in winter? How would be the condition in the deep sea during winter on the sea?
Ans:The tempest is the fearful thing in winter on the sea .In the deep sea there will be a disturbance caused by the speedy tempests and the storms. The sailors can not control the ships.

2. Whywas the crew crowd in the cabin in the poem Ballad of the Tempest’?
Ans: The crew crowded in the cabin in the poem Ballad of the Tempest because there was a heavy and turbulent storm in the midnight on the sea. They thought it was their end of life.

3. The sailors in the ‘Ballad of the Tempest’ shuddered in silence.When did they do so?
Ans: The sailors were troubled by the storm at a midnight.they were crowded in the cabin of the ship. Suddenly they heard the sound of the breaking mast. So they were shuddered in silence.

4. When the captain shouted “We are lost!” how did his daughter react?
Ans: When the captain shouted “We are lost!”,his daughter asked him if there is also God on the sea just as on the land.These words inspired the Captain .They were cheered up and anchored the ship to the harbor.

5. The crewmates kissed the maiden and spoke in better cheers.What made them feel cheerful?
Ans: When the captain shouted “We are lost!”, his daughter asked him if there is also God on the sea just as on the land.These words inspired desperate captain.So they kissed her.

6. The captain shouted “We are lost”.But the ship reached the harbor safely.How did this happen?
Ans: When the captain shouted “We are lost!”,his daughter asked him if there is also God on the sea just as on the land.These words inspired the Captain. They were cheered up and anchored the ship to the harbor. This miracle happened because of the inspiration they got from the little girl.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow:
1.”We were crowded in the cabin, Not a soul would dare to sleep”.
A.Who does ‘we’ refer to? Ans: ‘We’ refers to the sailors in the poem Ballad of the Tempest’.
B.Why were they crowded in the cabin? Ans:They were troubled by the terrible tempest amid the sea.
C.Not a soul would dare to sleep-why was it so? Ans.: Because the sailors were afraid that the storm would destroy the ship and their lives.

2.”It is a fearful thing in winter to be shattered by the blast”.
A.Which is the ‘fearful thing refered here’? Ans: The fearful thing here is the tempest in the sea.
B.Where did the fearful thing appear? Ans: The fearful thing appeared in the mid sea.
C.What did it shatter? Ans : It shattered the mast of the ship.

3.”So we shuddered there in silence, For the stoutest held his breath,”
A.Who shuddered in silence? Ans: The sailors in the tempest shuddered in silence.
B.Why were they shuddered in silence? Ans: They were shuddered in silence because they heard the breaking sound of the mast.
C.Who does stoutest refer to? Ans :The ‘stoutest’ refers to the bravest sailors.

4.”We are lost!”The captain shouted, as he staggered down the stairs.
A.Who does ‘we’refer to? Ans:’We’ refers to the captain of the ship and his crew.
B.Why did he shout so? Ans:The captain saw the mast of the ship destroyed by the storm.
C. Why did he stagger down the stairs? Ans: He thought that there was no hope for their life.

5.”Isn’t God upon the ocean, just the same as on the land? ”
A.who spoke this statement? To whom? Ans: The captain’s daughter spoke this statement to her father.
B.When did the speaker said this? Ans: The speaker said this when the captain was desperately shouting that they were lost.
C. What was the effect of the statement? Ans: This statement inspired the crew and they anchored the ship to the harbor safely.

“Jazz Poem Two”-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Poem-5 “Jazz Poem Two”

Multiple choice questions
1. The jazz player is
A.handsome B.joyful C.pathetic D.great

2. The jazz musician looking like
A. bird B. saxophone C.Coleridge D.ancient mariner

3. The face of the jazz musician is wrinkled because of his
A. profession B.happiness C. wearies of living D.old age

4. Which of the following phrases do not match with the appearance of Jazz player?
A.closed eyes B.frayed-collar C. faded-blue old shirt D.happy laughter

5. The jazz player’s shoes have in them
A. socks B.paper C. cloth D.cushion

6. The jazz player compares himself to a
A. bird B. saxophone C.Coleridge D.ancient mariner

7. “There he stands, see? Like a black Ancient mariner’-the figure of speech employed here is
A. personification B.metaphor C. simile D.synecdoche

8. The musical instrument mentioned in the poem ‘Jazz Poem Two’ is
A. flute B. tabla C. saxophone D. Sitar

Answer the following in two or three sentences (2 marks)
1. Describe the pathetic condition of the jazz player.
Ans: The jazz player’s face is black and wrinkled with no interest in life.His face is turned down with closed eyes.He is wearing a faded-blue shirt with frayed collar.It looks dark due to the sweat.He is wearing a worn out jacket.his shoes are torn with paper inside them.His face is unshaven and looking painful.

2. How has the jazz player held his instrument?
Ans:The jazz player closed his eyes but ears are perked concentrate upon the bass line for across his chest.His instrument is supported from his neck by a wire coat hanger.He gently lifts it to the parted lips.He forgets all his pain and believes he has a message of jazz to keep the people happy.He plays it enthusiastically.

3. Why do you think the jazz player keeps his head down?
Ans: The jazz player keeps his down because he has no enthusiasm in his life as he feels his poor and pathetic condition.

4. How does the jazz player inspires us to life of joy when he plays the instrument?
Ans: The jazz player is in a sad mood when he does not play jazz.But when he he plays it ,he gets enthusiasm and plays screaming notes and claims that he is not a man but happy bird flying higher and higher.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the extracts and answer the questions that follow;
1 “Now preaching it with words of screaming notes and chords.”
A.Who is the preacher here? Ans” The jazz player is the preacher here.
B.What is he preaching’it’ here? Ans: The jazz player is preaching the gospel of jazz.
C. What does he compare himself to? Ans: He compares himself to the bird that flies higher and higher.

2.”He is no longer a man, no, not even a Black man”
A. Who is the man here? Ans: The man here is the jazz player.
B. He says ‘’he is not a man”Then what else is he? Ans: He is a bird that flies higher and higher.
C. When is he no longer man? Ans.: As the Jazz player begins to play on his Saxophone he is a changed man.

“Laugh and Be Merry”-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Poem4 Laugh and Be Merry”

Multiple choice questions
1. The poem Laugh and Be Merry’ is written by
A. William Shakespeare B. Ruskin Bond C. John Masefield D.Portia

2.God made Heaven and Earth for
A. Fighting B. singing C.dancing D.joy

3.God filled the Heaven and Earth with
A. the wine of Mirth B. happiness C.beautiful inns D.music

4.According to the poet the cup of the wine of mirth is
A. green earth B. the blue sky C. beautiful inn D. very big

5. According to the poet, we should join the jubilant song of
A. music B. brothers C. green earth D. the great stars

6. According to John Masefield We can better the world with a
A. song B. dance C. music D. good words

Answer the following questions in two or three sentences(2 marks)
1.Which are the two ways we can make the world better?
Ans: We can make the world with a song and with a blow in the teeth of wrong.

2.Why should we keep smiling according to the poet?
Ans: The poet gives two reasons to smile. a) Time is short and we should make it sweet. b) We should join the old proud pageant of man.

3. Why did God bless us with a laughter?
Ans: God made Heaven and Earth for joy.He filled them with the wine of Mirth. We should drink this wine and enjoy like the stars.

4. The journey of life should last longer with laughter. How does the poet inspire us for a happy life?
Ans: According to the poet journey of life is endless.We should laugh and be merry till the dancing stops, the lilt of the music ends and the game of life is played.

5.Why, according to the poet , God has created man?
Ans: god has created man to laugh and be merry.We have to laugh and make others laugh. God made the earth and sky for us to get inspiration from the green earth and the great stars.

6.’till the game is played’, ‘till the music ends ‘What these phrases suggest? Whose music and whose game do they refer to?
Ans: ‘Till the game is played’, ‘till the music ends’ these phrases suggest the game and music of God. This suggests that man must enjoy all that music and dance till the end of his life.

7.In this journey of life we have got to be happy. Which lines of the poem’ Laugh and Be Merry ‘suggest this?
ans: The last two lines of the poem ‘Laugh and Be Merry’ “Glad till the dancing stops and the lilt of the music ends. Laugh till the game is played; and be you merry, my friends.” suggest that in the journey of life we have got to be happy.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the extracts and answer the questions that follow:-
1.“better the world with a song better the world with a blow in the teeth of a wrong.”
A. Who should better the world? Ans: All human beings should better the world.
B. Why should we better the world? Ans: We are born on the earth to laugh and be merry.
C. How can we better the world? Ans: We should make this world with a song and with a blow in the teeth of a wrong.

2.“laugh, for the time is brief,a thread the length of a span. Laugh and be proud to belong to the old proud pageant of man”
A.Why should we laugh? Ans: We should laugh because the time is a short span of life.
B. What does pageant symbolize? Ans: It symbolizes the happy and merry moments of life.

3.“He took it in a rhyme,Made them,and filled them with the strong red wine of His mirth”
A. Who does the ‘he’ refer to? Ans: He refers to God.
B. What does ‘them’ refer to? Ans: ’Them’ refers to the earth and the heaven.
C. Why did he make them? Ans : God made them for us to enjoy the wine of his amusement.

4.“So we must laugh and drink from the deep blue cup of the sky, Join the jubilant song of the great stars sweeping by,”
A.Who does’we’refer to? Ans: ‘We’ refers to human beings.
B. What should we drink? Ans: We should drink the wine of amusement God made for us.
C. Which is the cup to drink it? Ans : To drink that wine the sky is the huge cup for every one of us.

5. “Laugh and be merry together, like brother, akin. Guesting awhile in the rooms of a beautiful inn”
A. To what does the poet compare our stay on earth? Ans: The poet says that the earth is like a beautiful inn and we have come to stay in it as guests.
B. How does he want us to live? Ans.: We should consider all men as our brothers. We should live together in joy.
C. Why should we enjoy our life? And : Life is short and we should make it happier.

Essay type question (4 marks)
Write the summary of the poem” Laugh and Be Merry”
Ans:The poem Laugh and Be merry is written by John Masefield.In this poem the poet suggests us to laugh and be merry all the life.We can better the world with a song and with a blow in the teeth of a wrong.We should laugh because the time is a short span. The poet reminds us God has made the earth and heaven for us and filled them with the wine of laughter.So we mustdrink it and laugh like the great stars and the green earth.The sky is the huge cup for us to drink that wine.The whole world is a beautiful inn for all of us like brothers to drink and enjoy. The poet concludes that our life itself is a game, music and dance gifted by God.So we must enjoy those gifts till the end of our life.

“I am the land”-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Poem -3“I am the land”

Multiple choice questions
1. The speaker uses the phrase “I wait” in the poem to show her
A.disgust B. annoyance C.patience e D.anger

2. The earth stares with
A.‘car lot eyes’ B.dark eyes C.angry eyes D. merciful eyes

3. Then ‘someone tickles me‘ says the earth refer to
A. mining of the earth B. digging the earth for selfish activities
C. Joking the earth D.the farmers ploughing the earth.

4. Man has fenced between the countries. But the earth feels at the fence between the countries as
A. a beautiful garland to her B. Protection to her property
C. mischief of man D.chain link necklace choking her

5.The line from the poem” I am the land ” which expresses the self assertion of the earth is
A. I am the land, I wait B. You come with guns
C. YOU CAN NOT PUT A FENCE AROUND THE PLANET EARTH D. I lie patient

6.Who does ‘you’ refer to in the poem ’I Am The Land’?
A. people B. farmers C.soldiers D.living beings

7. ”A chain link necklace chokes me”- The figure of speech employed here is
A. personification B.metaphor C. simile D.synecdoche

8. “muddy holes” refers to
A.virtual holes in the land B.intention of the speaker C.commotion created by the reader D.holes full of mud

9. In the poem “” I Am The Land ‘ the line ‘car lot eyes’ refer to
A. ploughing of the earth B. light reflected by the earth C. Moon light reflected by the earth
D. Perception as if the earth were staring with the lights of the car parked on it

10. The speaker in the poem ‘I am the Land ’ is
A. The sun B.The moon C. A woman D. The earth

Answer the following questions in two or three sentences(2 marks)
1. What does the phrase “car lot eyes stare” suggest?
Ans: It is a perception as if the earth were staring with the lights of the car parked on it.This line is an imaginary perception to the planet which has no light of its own.

2. Pick out the line from the poem that expresses “self assertion of the speaker”
Ans: “ YOU CAN NOT PUT A FENCE AROUND THE PLANET EARTH” This line suggests the self assertion of the poem.

3.”I wait” is repeated five times in the poem. What quality of the speaker is highlighted with this repetition?
Ans The repetition of “I wait” highlights the self assertion of the speaker (the earth). It also emphasizes the patience of the earth.

4. List the figures of speech “personification ” used in the poem ”I am the land”
Ans : I wait , I lie patient, car lot eyes I stare, Someone tickles me, A chain link necklace chokes me now.

5. Pick out the images from the poem “I Am The Land”
Ans : Car lot eyes stare , someone tilling the earth , planting trees, children dance and sing, soldiers with guns shooting, fencing between the countries.

6. Which actions of man are tolerated by the earth?
Ans: The farmers ploughing the earth and plants life that give fruits, grass, trees etc.the children play under these trees. These actions are like tickling to the planet earth.
7.How is the action of soldiers affect the earth?
Ans: the soldiers come with guns and shoot from their country to their enemy country.They put fence between the countries.This affect the earth with the choking.The fence appear to be the choking necklace.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the extracts and answer the questions that follow:-
1)”You say you own me,I wait”
A) Who does ‘You’ and ‘I ‘refer to? Ans: ‘You’refers to people. ‘I’refers to the earth.
B) What is owned here ? Ans: People own the earth.
C) How does the person wait? Ans: The earth waits with patience.

2)”You shout, I lie patient .You buy me,I wait with muddy holes”
A) Who is shouting here? Ans:The people are shouting.
B) Who is lying patiently? Ans : the earth is lying patiently.
C) What does muddy holes and car lot eyes refer to? Ans: Muddy holes refer to the virtual holes on the earth.

3)”Then someone tickles me, plants life…fruit…grass….trees.”
A) Who does ‘someone’ refer to? Ans: ‘Someone’ refers to the farmers.
B) Who is ticked? Ans: The earth is tickled by the farmer.
C) What is the effect of that tickling on it? Ans : It is making the earth smile with a number of plants flowers, fruits and trees.

4)”You come with guns a chain link necklace chokes me now.”
A) Who came with guns? Ans: The soldiers came with guns to fight against their enemies.
B) Who is choked here? Ans; The earth is choked by the war mongers.
C) What does ‘chain link necklace’ mean? Ans : The fence between the nations is like a necklace around the neck of the earth.

5) “YOU CANNOT PUT A FENCE AROUND THE PLANET EARTH”
A) Who cannot put fence around the earth? Ans:People cannot put fence around the earth.
B) What is the mood of the speaker expressed here? Ans: The earth is in a mood of self assertion.
C) Why can not we put a fence around the around? Ans : The earth round and it is almost covered with water.

Essay type question (4 marks)
Write the summary of the poem” I am the land”
Ans: The poem ’I am the Land’ is written by Marina de Bellagenta. In this poem the earth speaks to the people. The people buy the land and say they own it .They shout but the earth lies patiently.The earth imagines itself with muddy holes and cars parked on with lights on as its staring eyes.
The happiest thing that the earth feels is that the farmers ploughing the earth ,plant trees, grow fruits,flowers,children play and birds sing.The earth shares its unhappy feeling that the soldiers fight against other country soldiers.They put fence between the nations.But they do not know they are choking the earth with the smoke from the wars.The fence looks like a chain link necklace that chokes the earth.Finally the earth asserts that men can put fence between the countries but not around the earth planet.The poem conveys universal brothehood.

“Quality of Mercy”-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Poem-2 “Quality of Mercy”

Multiple choice questions
1.The quality of mercy is compared to
A. fire B. sceptre C.crown D. the gentle rain from heaven

2.Scepter shows only
A. Earthly power B. a temporal power C.Royal power D. forced power

3.Whose attribute does Quality of mercy stand for ? It stands for the attribute of
A. Man B. Devil C. kings D.God .

4.The quality of Mercy is blessed
A. once B.twice C.thrice D.many times

5. According to Portia “Throned king” is better than his
A.crown B. Army C. kingdom D. ancestors

6. According to Portia the mightiest in the mightiest is
A quality of justice B. The quality of bravery C.The quality of Mercy D.The quality of cruelty

7. The poem”Quality of mercy ” is an extract from Shakespeare’s play
A. Macbeth B. KingLear C.The Tempest D.The merchant of Venice

8.Who speaks about the quality of mercy?
A. William Shakespeare B.Portia C. The king D. Antonio

9) According to Portia the earthly power looks like divine when The Quality of Mercy Tempers
A.royal power B. bravery C. justice D.humanity

10) The quality of mercy is not strained .It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven-The figure of speech used here is
A. personification B.metaphor C. simile D.synecdoche

Answer the following questions in two or three sentences(2 marks)
1. Mercy is compared to something in the poem ‘The quality of Mercy’. What is it? How is this comparison apt? Justify your answer
Ans: Mercy is compared to the gentle rain from the sky to the earth. Yes, the comparison is apt. Because the quality of mercy in man is as important as rain to the earth.

2.Portia says that mercy is twice blessed. What does she mean by this?
Ans:The quality of mercy is blessed twice. It is blessed by the one who gives and the one who receives.

3.’Sceptre shows the force of temporal power’.In contrast, what or whose quality does mercy stand for?
Ans: scepter is a symbol of the temporal power or the earthly power of the kings. It is an attribute of awe and fear of kings. But the quality of mercy is the divine power of God.

3. The speaker compares the power of the king with the power of mercy, saying that mercy is the mightiest of the mightiest. How does she justify this?
Ans: The power of the kings is temporal because this power is the result of dread and fear of kings. But mercy is a divine quality of God. If any king has a heart of mercy, then he can enjoy the divine power.

4. The poem ‘The quality of Mercy’has fourteen lines.But it is not a sonnet. Look at the ending of the lines and justify the above statement.
Ans: This poem has fourteen lines but it is not a sonnet. Because Shakespearean sonnets have three quatrains and a couplet. The idea expressed by the quatrains is summed up in the couplet. But in the poem’ Quality of Mercy’. the poem is divided into 5+5+4. So the poem is not a sonnet.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the extracts and answer the questions that follow:-
1. “It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven upon the place beneath. It is twice blest”
A. What is compared to the gentle rain from heaven? Ans. : Mercy
B. Why does the speaker feel it is twice blest?
Ans.: According to the speaker, the person who shows mercy and the person who receives mercy is also blest
C. What is blessed twice? Ans: The quality of mercy is blessed twice.

2. “His sceptre shows the force of temporal power.”
A. How does the sceptre show temporal power? Ans.: The sceptre creates fear among people.
B. In contrast, what quality does mercy stand for? Ans.: Mercy stands for divine quality and it flows from the heart.
C. What does scepter stand for? Ans: Scepter stands for temporal or earthly power.

3. “Its mightiest in the mightiest”
A. What is the mightiest thing here? Ans.: Mercy
B. How is it mightier? Ans.: Quality of Mercy is more powerful than all the symbols of power on earth.
C. When does it become the mightiest? Ans : When the mercy is blessed, it becomes mightiest.

4. “It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes”
A. How does it bless the one who gives? Ans.: The giver gets the blessing as he has helped the other person.
B. How does it bless the one who takes? Ans.: The taker is blest because he is forgiven
C. What does ‘it’ refer to? Ans.: It refers to mercy

6. “Mercy is above the Sceptred sway.”
A. What is a Sceptre? Ans.: It is a decorated rod carried by monarchs.
B. How is mercy above the Sceptred sway? Ans.: Mercy is a divine quality or Godly power whereas Sceptre is an earthly temporal power.
C. Why is the scepter said to possess temporal power? Ans: Because the power of scepter is an attribute of awe and fear of kings.

Essay type question (4 marks)
Write the summary of the poem”quality of Mercy”
Ans: The poem quality of Mercy is written by William Shakespeare for the play “The Merchant of Venice”. Portia One of the main characters in the play argues why mercy is the greatest virtue of all. According to Portia the quality of mercy is not strained and it is as gentle as rain to the earth. It is divine and blessed twice, both by the giver and by the taker. It is the mightiest of all the human virtues. Portia argues that the king is more important than his crown. She says scepter shows only the force of temporal power which is only a result of awe and royal power. It is full of dread and fear of kings. But the quality of mercy is above that sceptred power. The quality of mercy should be enthroned in the heart of kings as it is an attribute of God. When the quality of mercy tempers justice, then the earthly power looks like Divine power.

Grandma climbs a tree-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Poem -1 Grandma climbs a tree

Multiple choice questions
1). The Grandma was called genius because
A. she could climb trees very quickly B. spent her old age gracefully
C.she loved trees D. she lived on trees

2).The grandma was happier in
A. town B.village C. trees D.field

3).The grandma was permitted to climb the tree because
A. there was not a tree B. She was not cared for
C.she did not listen to them D. They knew her ability

4).The grandma in her bed felt like a
A. heaven B. joyful place C. comfortable place D. a hell

6. All that grandma wanted was
A. A house on the tree top B. good house C. a simple house D.natural living

7. The responsibility of building a house on tree top was taken up by
A. the poet B.poet’s father C. her neighbors D.loving relatives

8. Building a house on tree top was assisted by
A. neighbors B. her relatives C. her husband D.the poet

9.The neighbors told the Grandma stop climbing trees because they wanted to
A.stop her B. spend her old age gracefully C. give her rest D. test her

10) The grandma was taught climbing trees from her
A. loving brother B. loving mother C. loving son D. loving husband

11) When grandma climbed a tree for the last time she was
A. six B. hundred C. sixty two D.eighty

12)When the doctor took Granny’s temperature ,he suggested her
A. not to climb trees B.live gracefully C.a quiet week in bed D.healthy food habits

13)When the doctor suggested granny a quiet week in bed ,the family members felt
A. sighed with relief B. angry with the granny C.rejoiced D.unhappy

14) ‘My dad knew his duties.’ His duty was to
A. take care of his mother B. get rid of his mother C. help his mother D.fulfill his mother’s wish

15) Finally the granny upheld her right to
A. residing in a tree B. drink sherry C. live as she wished D. spend her old age gracefully

16)“It was like a brief season in the hell” The figure of speech employed here is
A. personification B.metaphor C. simile D.synecdoche

Answer the following questions in two or three sentences(2 marks)
1) The poet Ruskin Bond does not call his grandmother ‘childish’. What else was she according to him? Why does he consider her to be so?
OR What is the uncommon quality of the grandmother? How does the term this uncommon quality?
Ans: The poet Ruskin Bond calls his grandma a ‘genius’ because she could climb trees very quickly. It may be a spreading tree or tall tree she could climb up quickly even at the age of sixty-two.

2) How do you say that grandma had been in the habit of climbing trees for a very long period? Justify this quoting the lines from the poem.
Ans: Yes, The grandma was in the habit of climbing trees for along time. She learnt climbing the from her loving brother when she was six. Having learned to climb from a loving brother when she was six.

3) What did the neighbors advise the Grandma? How did she respond them?
Ans: The neighbors advised that the grandma should stop climbing the trees as she was growing old. They suggested that old people should spend their old age gracefully. But the grandma did not listen to their advice. She would laugh say that “I’ll grow disgracefully. I can do it better”.

4) Others feared that granny would fall from a tree one day or the other. Did this happen? Or did something else happen?
Ans: Yes’ others feared that granny would fall from a tree one day or the other. It did not happen. One day something different happened. When the poet and his family were in the town, she climbed up a tree but could not come down. She was suffering from fever. The doctor checked her temperature and suggested her bed rest for a week.

5) What did the doctor recommend Grandma? What was the reaction of the kids to this advice?
Ans: The doctor checked granny’s temperature and recommended her bed rest for a week. The kids sighed with a relief that she would not climb up trees and risk her life.

6) Quote the lines from the poem which suggests how whole heartedly granny enjoyed climbing a tree.
Ans: The poem suggests that granny whole heartedly enjoyed climbing a tree.
These are the lines: 1.For being happier in a tree than in a lift; 2.While every breeze whispered of summer and dancing leaves.
3. She sits there in state and drinks sherry with me.
7)’ My dad knew his duties’. What did he think his duty was?
Ans:’My dad’ (the poets father /granny’s son) knew his duties. He thought his duty was to fulfill his mother’s wish. He built a house on the tree top for his mother with the help from the poet.

8) Both the poet and his father were considerate towards Grandma. Substantiate the statement with textual support.
Ans: The poet and his father were considerate towards grandma.They built a house on a tree-top with windows and a door.
My dad knew his duties.he said,That’s all right-You’ll have what you want,dear.I’llstart work tonight.’
With my expert assistance,he soon finished the chore; Made her a tree-house with windows and a door.

9) ‘For being happier in a tree than in a lift.’ What is suggested through this line?
Ans: ‘For being happier in a tree than in a lift.’This line suggests that grandma enjoyed climbing a tree more than any other comforts of city life.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the extracts and answer the questions that follow:-
1)“Ever since childhood, she’d had this gift For being happier than in a lift;”
A) Who does ‘she’refer to ? Ans: ‘She’ refers to Granny.
B)What was the gift she had? Ans: Climbing the tree was the gift she had.
C) Where was she happier? Ans: She was happier in a tree than in city life.

2)‘ I strongly recommend a quiet week in bed’
A) Who had fever? Ans: Granny had fever.
B) Why was she suggested rest for a week? Ans: Because Granny had high fever.
C) What was the response from others? Ans:The kids felt a sigh of relief that she would not climb up trees.

3) “For her, it was like a brief season in hell.”
A) What was felt like a hell? Ans: A week in bed was felt like a hell by Granny.
B) Why did she feel like hell? Ans:Granny couldn’t climb trees during bed rest and felt it was like a hell to her.
C)What was heaven to her? Ans:She was happy in climbing trees.It was like a heaven to her.

4) ‘I’ll lie here no longer!’
A) Who said this? Ans: Granny said this.
B) Where was she? Ans: She was in bed rest.
C) Why couldn’t she lie there no longer? Ans: She wanted to climb up trees again. So she could not lie no longer.

5) “That’s all right-You’ll have what you want, dear.I’ll start work tonight.’
A) Who does ‘my dad ’refer to? Ans: ‘my dad ’refers to the poet’s father.
B) What did he consider his duty was? Ans: He considered his duty was to build a tree-house for his mother.
C) Who wanted that? Ans: the poet’s Granny wanted the house on tree top

6) “With my expert assistance, he soon finished the chore;”
A) Who assisted whom? Ans: The poet assisted his father.
B) What did he assist for? Ans: He assisted his father to build a house on tree top for Granny.
C) Whose responsibility was that ? Ans :It was poet’s father’s responsibility to finish the chore.

7) “She sits there in state and drinks sherry with me.”
A) Who do ‘she’ and ‘me’ refer to? Ans: ‘she’ refers to Granny and ‘me’ refer to the poet Ruskin Bond
B) What was her state? Ans: She was in a happy state.
C) What was her right? Ans: Her right was to live in a tree house.

Essay type questions(4 marks)
Comment on the poem Grandma climbs a Tree?
Ans: The poem ’Grandma Climbs a Tree ’is written by Ruskin Bond.She was a genius and different from others.She could climb up trees very quickly even at the age of sixty two.She had such an unusual gift since childhood.She was very happy in a tree than in lift of cities. She disliked materialistic life but she liked the life amidst nature. When her neighbours advised her to stop climbing tree in old age and spend her life gracefully,she rejected their advice. She learned climbing trees at six from her loving brother.But others felt she might have a terrible fall some day.One day she climbed up a tree but could not come down.She had fever in that fear.the doctor recommended her a week bed rest.But she felt it like a hell.Soon she recovered and asked for a house on tree top.Her son fulfilled her wish.He and the poet built a house on tree top. The Granny eonjoyed her remaining part of life happily.Thus Granny enjoyed her unusual gift of life in nature.

Science and Hope of survival-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Prose 8- Science and Hope of survival
Multiple choice questions:
1.According to Keilis Borok The following cannot enjoy a higher income
A.doctors B.businessmen C.lawyers D.scientists

2.”A writer is not a writer merely a person who writes: a writer is a person who cannot live without writing.” this is a saying by
A. Keilis-Borok B.Rabindranath Tagore C.Leo Tolstoy D.A scientist

3.Science is an exciting adventure where major reward comes from
A.society B.scientists C. discovery itself D. every one

4.By science a Scientist cannot get
A.camaraderie B.independence C.money D.freedom

5.The scientist Keilis Borok worked on
A.cold war B.nuclear weapons C.seismic waves D.biotechnology

6. The scientist Keilis-Borok was summoned by
A. the President of Russian Academy of Sciences B.the palace of Nations in Geneva
C.the President of America D.the President of United Kingdom.

7.In 1960,every man and child on the earth lived under the threat of annihilation by
A.cold war B. bombs C. great countries D.nuclear weapon

8. The technical experts were summoned to the Palace of Nations in Geneva to solve the problem of
A. nuclear weapon test ban B.nuclear test C.power politics D.annihilation

9. People trained in theoretical physics are head hunted by
A. scientific institutions B. financial institutions C. mathematical institutions D. educational institutions

10.Those who trained in biological research become founders and directors in
A.electronics industry B. Pharmaceutical industry C.large scale industry D. bio industry

11.According to Keilis-Borok The indispensable guardian and care taker of humanity is
A.nuclear energy B.bio technology C. science D.industrial growth

12.If you are so clever,why are you so poor? The professional addressed as ’you’ in the statement refers more than others to a
A.lawyer B.scientist C. doctor D.businessman

13. The writer says,”I found myself in Geneva. ”It expresses ,more than anything else, the writer’s
A.pleasure B.surprise C.anxiety D.annoyance

14.”Immersion in science does not go with common sense,” suggests
A. foolishness of scientists B. absentmindedness of scientists
C.that scientists do not bother about the results of their work D.involve in only mathematical calculations

15.Which of the following qualities help the scientists to come up with a solution the problem.
A. self-assessment B.self-praise C.popularity D.self-discipline

16.The safety of the world can be best assured by
A.doctors B.businessmen C.lawyers D.scientists

Answer the following in two or three sentences (2 marks)
1. What reward do the scientists get? How are they different from lawyers, doctors and businessmen?
Ans: The discovery itself is the reward of the scientists. The scientists get lesser money than the lawyers, doctors and businessmen. But they enjoy freedom, camaraderie and independence.


2. Which are the two factors that cause Earth tremors?
Ans: The earth tremors are caused by two factors. 1. By the seismic waves during the earthquake 2. By the underground nuclear explosion

3. Write the subjects that come under the category of basic (fundamental) sciences.
Ans: The subjects that come under the category of basic (fundamental) sciences are: Antibiotics, electronics, biotechnology, synthetic fibers, green revolution and genetic forensic diagnosis.

4.What did the writer learn at the Geneva summit?
Ans:the writer at Geneva summit leant that the scientists have people for them all over the world.While there is science there is hope for survival and well-being of humanity.

5. Give a few examples to illustrate that scientists are the most practical people in the world?
Ans: All new technologies,all new brands of industry from defense to environment came from fundamental science.For example antibiotics, electronics, biotechnology, synthetic fibres, green revolution and genetic forensic diagnosis are all the gifts of basic science.

6.Who will be headhunted by financial institutions and pharmaceutical industries?Why?
Ans: The people trained in theoretical physics are headhunted by the financial Institutions. Those trained in biological research become founders and directors in Pharmaceutical industry. Because the knowledge of basic sciences help them to think and work practically.

7.What was the problem that the ‘nuclear powers faced?
Ans:The nuclear powers signed the agreement to stop the test of nuclear weapons. But the problem was that if any one violates the agreement by secret underground testing, then how to detect that was not known.

8.What was the important decision taken by the politicians before the Geneva Summit? How does it help for the survival of humanity?
Ans: The important decision taken by the politicians before the Geneva Summit was the Ban on nuclear weapon test. This would a hope for the survival of humanity as there will be no competition for developing nuclear weapons.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the given extracts and answer the questions that follow:
1. “It turned out that this problem had a direct connection with the theory of seismic waves.”
A. When did this ‘problem’ arise? Ans: This problem arose during the Geneva Summit.
B. What is the ‘problem’ referred here? Ans.: The ‘problem’ referred here is how the three powers could detect the violation of agreement.
C. Which waves were almost same as seismic waves? The waves produced from the underground nuclear explosions.

2. The three nuclear powers were willing to come to an agreement.
A. Who were the three nuclear powers? Ans.: Soviet Union, United States and United Kingdom.
B. What was the agreement? Ans.: The three nuclear powers were willing to come to an agreement putting a ban on the nuclear weapon test.
C. Why were they ready to agreement? Ans : To save the humankind.

3. At that time every man, and child on the Earth lived under the threat of annihilation?
A. What caused this thread? Ans.: Nuclear weapons
B. Why did everyone live under the threat?
Ans.: Because each super power nation seemed stronger than the other as far as nuclear weapons were concerned.
C. What steps did the three powers take to avoid threat? Ans : They decided to put a ban on nuclear weapon test.

4. “My theoretical knowledge had a direct application in the area of survival of humankind”
A. In which field did the author, Borok, have theoretical knowledge? Ans.: The author had theoretical knowledge in seismic waves.
B. How would it have a direct application in the area of survival of humankind? Ans.: Underground nuclear explosions produced earth tremors like those generated by earthquakes. With his knowledge, the author would know the difference between the two.
C. How would author’s theoretical knowledge be helpful? Ans: This would help in checking the violation of the Nuclear Test Ban agreement.

Colours of Silence-10th Standard 2nd Language English Notes

Prose 7 Colours of Silence

Multiple choice questions:
1.Satish could hear Surender only after he repeated the question three times because
A. he was busy in drawing B.he was watching T.V
C . he did not notice him D.he could not hear him

2.Satish asked Surender to why he was speaking so softly because
A. he was busy in drawing B.he was watching T.V
C . he did not notice him D.he could not hear him

3.Satish suffered terrible headaches and feeling as if dark and silent since
A.he went to Kashmir B. met with an accident
C.last operation on his leg D.suffered from fever

4. Surender gave a strange look at Satish because
A. he was busy in drawing B.he was watching T.V
C . he did not notice him D.he could not hear him

5.Satish met with an accident when he was crossing a
A. the road at his school B.rickety bridge over some rapids
C. the mountain path D.snow covered Himalaya in Kashmir

6.Satish suffered frequently from bouts of fever and infections, especially of the
A. ears B.head C.eyes D.legs

7.Everything seemed to Satishlike scenes from some pantomime show because
A.he was suffering from bouts of fever B.he was operated on his legs
C.he had lost his hearing D.he had lost his sight

8.The doctors didn’t know the cause for Satish ill health except that
A.he was suffering from bouts of fever B.he was operated on his legs
C.ear infection D.effect of medicines to treat his legs

9.Satish did not want to go to another school because
A.he was suffering from bouts of fever B.he was operated on his legs
C. he had hearing problem D.he would absent frequently to school

10.Satish could not talk freely with anyone because
A.he was suffering from bouts of fever B.he was operated on his legs
C.his neighboring children teased him D. he was unable to hear a single sound

11. Who supported Satish in teaching words and pronunciation? It was his
A.father B.brother C.mother D.teacher

12.Satish’s father inspired him to learn a great deal by
A.painting pictures B.singing songs C.reading books D. studying words and their pronunciation

13.Satish became a voracious reader because of his
A.father B.brother C.mother D.teacher

14.The books depressed and left a deep impression on Satish’s sensitive mind because
A. he was not interested in reading books B.he wanted to become an artist
C. they were the serious books meant for older children or adults D.he was depressed by his plight

15. The turning point in Satish’s life was
A. he watched a bird and drew its sketch B. his leg was operated
C. he was admitted to a new school D.he recovered his hearing

16.Sketching came naturally to Satish because he was good at
A. drawing B. painting C. observing D.Urdu calligraphy

17.Satish’s father took away all note books he had drawn because
A. He hated his son B.he was not good at drawing
C.He did not want his son to make a living by drawing D. that was not his field of interest

18.Who was optimistic of Satish’ s recovery of hearing ? It was his
A.father B.brother C.mother D.teacher

19.The only solace for Satish was
A. reading books B. painting C. observing birds D.Urdu calligraphy

20.Satish’s father found the best school of arts for Satish so that he
A. forget his suffering by going to school B.enjoy his life
C. make life in his chosen field D.make great name as an artist

21.Satish’s eyes filled with tears and his father did an uncharacteristic thing.The ‘uncharacteristic thing.’- here is that his father did was
A.his father sat beside him and encouraged his art of drawing B.He brought him armful of books
C. His father found him the best school of arts for him D.supported him in becoming a voracious reader

Answer the following in two or three sentences (2 marks)
1.Surender,a friend of Satish came to visit him.Satish hadn’t gone to school Why?
Ans: Because Satish was not well. His leg was operated. He was suffering from terrible headaches and everything he felt dark and silent.

2.Why was Satish confined to bed? What was the worst thing for him?Why was it so?
Ans: When Satish went to Kashmir in the holiday, he fell into the rapids. His legs were fractured and his head was hurt badly. He was bruised and aching all over. His legs needed many operations on them. He suffered from bouts of fever and infections especially of the ear.

3.Why was the school Satish going kept him out of the school?
Ans:Due his frequent absence and his hearing problem,the school he was attending till then, kept him out of the school.They forced Avtar Narain to look for a new school.

4.Why didn’t Satish want to go to a new school?
Ans: Satish didn’t want to go to a new school because he couldn’t talk to the other children,where everyone would make fun of his deafness.

5.What made Avtar Narain angry?
Ans: Avtar Narain had to look for different schools for his son Satish.But every school didn’t want him to educate as he was not able to hear.They treated his son as dumb and asked Avtar narain to look for other school.So he was angry.

6.Why did Satish’s father make expeditions to school? Was he successful? If not why?
Ans: Satish was frequently absent from and he had hearing problem. So every school did not want him to admit. So Avtar Narain had to make expeditions to schools. But he was not successful. Because every school did the same thing for the same reason.

7.How did Satish’s brother Inder try to help him?
Ans;Satish’s brother Inder sat for hours with him and talked to hear him, teaching him words and pronunciation. He and his father spent time with him every day, talking to him trying to teach him things.

8. What did Satish see at the far corner of the garden? Why did it attract him?
Ans: Satish at the far corner of the garden saw a bird with a long tail and a black crest.Satish was attracted by its restless energy .Its eyes kept darting, its whole body was ready for flight any moment.

9. How do you say that Satish’s parents had difference of opinion about making his life?
And; Satish’s father always wanted him to study well and earn knowledge and become successful in life. But Satish was inclined towards painting .He opposed his son for that. But his mother felt drawing as a means of entertainment for her son.

10. Which action of Satish changed his father’s attitude?
Ans:Satish was busy mixing the colours on his palette. Though he saw his father standing at the staring his painting, he continued with his mixing. This action of Satish changed his father’s attitude.

11.What was Satish unable to believe?Why?
Ans: One day Satish’s father sat beside him and put his hand on Satish’s shoulder. Then Satish was unable to believe his father who was not angry with his painting.

12.How did Satish express his gratitude to his father?
Ans:Satish’s eyes were filled with tears .he hugged his father tightly,his heart was full of love for his stern father who had atlast accepted that his destiny was in canvas and paint.

13.Name the three fields in which Satish Gujral has made his name?
Ans: Satish came to be popularly known as Satish Gujral.He is the famous artist from India. He is an accomplished artist with several forms of art like painting, sculpture and architecture. He is also a writer.

14.How can you say that Satish became popular all over the world?
Ans: Satish displayed his works in prestigious museums like the Museum of modern Art, New York, the Hiroshima collection, Washigton and the national Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi. He was awarded the Order of the Crown for the best architectural design of the 20th century for his design of the Belgian Embassy in New Delhi.

Extracts(3 marks)
Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow
1.”Will you come to school tomorrow?”
A. Who asked this question? Ans: Satish’s friend Surender asked this question.
B. Why did he shake his head? Ans: Because Satish was suffering from bouts of fever and hear infections.
C. Did he continue his education in the school? Ans : No, he had to leave that school.

2.”We will have to look for a new school,”
A.Why would have they to find a new school? Ans: Because the previous school did not keep Satish as he had hearing problem.
B.Why did Satish shake his head? Ans: Because Satish was unable to talk to the other children and they made fun of him.
C. Was Sathish eager to go to new school? Ans : Sathish was not eagered to go to new school, as his classmates would make fun of him.

3.”What will you do in life if you don’t get education, eh?”
A. Who asked this question to whom? Ans: Satish’s father asked this question to Satish.
B.Why did he asked this question? Ans: Because Satish refused to go to another school.
C.Why could he hear only snatches of his words? Ans: Because Satish was suffering from bouts of fever and ear infections.

4.”My son is not dumb, sir! His hearing is a little bad. He is under treatment and will soon be fine!”
A. Who argued? Who was the son here? Ans; Satish’s father argued with the school authorities.Satish is the son here.
B.Why was his hearing a little bad? Ans; His hearing was a little bad because of ear infection
C. Why was his argument failed?. Ans; The school refused Satish as he was a deaf.

5.”This is an idle pastime. You would do better to read and get some knowledge,”
A. who was spending his time? Ans: Sathish was spending time.
B.What was his pastime? Ans: Satish spent his pastime in drawing sketches.
C.Why did his father suggested so? Ans: His father wanted him to make his life by education but Satish spent his time on drawing.

6.”Why do you take away his source of entertainment?”
A.What was the source of entertainment? Ans: Drawing was the source of entertainment
B.Who got that entertainment? Ans: Satish got that entertainment
C.Who took away his source of entertainment? Why? Ans: Satish’s father took away his source of entertainment. Because, he did not want his son to make his life by drawing.
D. Who said these words? Ans : Sathish’s mother said these words.

7.”They are for you Satish.I will find out the best school of arts for you.”
A.What does ‘they’ refer to? Ans: ‘They’ refer to the painting materials as palette, colours, brushes etc.
B.Who is the person encouraging here? Ans: Satish’s father is encouraging his painting.
C. Why did his father allow Sathish continue Painting? Ans: Finally he understood that his son’s field of interest is painting.

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